Hearing loss in children can occur for various reasons. Congenital hearing loss is the term given to hearing loss at birth. Hearing loss that occurs after birth is referred to as acquired hearing loss.
⭐Genetic factors can contribute greatly to congenital hearing loss, but it can also arise from other things, such as infection during pregnancy, prematurity, birth injuries, etc.
⭐Acquired hearing loss can also arise from many different things, such as frequent ear infections, infections like meningitis or the measles, head injuries, and over exposure to very loud noises.
Often your child will show no indication of hearing loss, but it is still important to ensure they receive a hearing screening as they grow. It can be difficult to pick up on milder hearing loss and so, screenings are recommended at various key moments in a child’s development: when they start going to school, at least once during primary school and once during secondary school.
Hearing screening is usually required more often for children with other health or learning needs; family history of early hearing loss, language, speech or developmental delays; are all risk factors and as such, require more frequent testing.